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Why do we fall for fake news?
Here is some real research on fake news.
What's wrong with fake news?
Why should you care about whether or not your news is real or fake?
- You deserve the truth. You are smart enough to make up your own mind - as long as you have the real facts in front of you. You have every right to be insulted when you read fake news, because you are in essence being treated like an idiot.
- Fake news destroys your credibility. If your arguments are built on bad information, it will be much more difficult for people to believe you in the future.
- Fake news can hurt you, and a lot of other people. Purveyors of fake and misleading medical advice like Mercola.com and NaturalNews.com help perpetuate myths like vaccines cause autism. These sites are heavily visited and their lies are dangerous.
- Real news can benefit you. If you want to buy stock in a company, you want to read accurate articles about that company so you can invest wisely. If you are planning on voting in an election, you want to read as much good information on a candidate so you can vote for the person who best represents your ideas and beliefs. Fake news will not help you make money or make the world a better place, but real news can.
Fake news in the news
60 Minutes: How fake news finds your social media feeds
A thorough investigation into the fake news industry, including bots, Facebook and interviews with fake news authors Jestin Coler and Michael Cernovich and University of Oxford professor Phil Howard.
ABCNews: When Fake News Makes Real News Headline
About a fake story which was treated as real news. Traces some of the pipeline for developing and distributing fake news
After Las Vegas Shooting, Fake News Regains Its Megaphone
Fake news is being created even as events are still unfolding.
The Atlantic: The Food Babe, Enemy of Chemicals
An examination of claims made by The Food Babe, with pointed analysis by professor Kevin Folta of the University of Florida
The Atlantic: The Rise of Progressive "Fake News"
This interview with Snopes editor Brooke Binkowski examines the emotional pull of fake news
BBC.com: How do Fake News Sites Make Money?
An investigation into how profitable fake news can be.
CNN: Fake News, Real Violence
"Pizzagate" was a fake news story which connected a pizzeria with a child pornography ring allegedly run by Hillary Clinton and John Podesta. On Sunday, December 3, 2016, an armed shooter entered the pizzeria and fired a shot before being accosted by the police.
Global Challenges: Inoculating the Public against Misinformation about Climate Change
Covers a new theory about combating fake news known as "attitudinal inoculation" and follows two studies testing this method.
The New Yorker: The Operator
An examination into Dr. Mehmet Oz, who both performs open heart surgery and hosts a television show on medical matters.
New York Times: How Fake News Goes Viral
From a single Tweeter with 35 friends to being shared over 400,000 times through various forums, this article traces a Tweet made November 9th, 2016.
NPR: How to Tell Real News from Fake News in 'Post-Truth' Era
This article discusses "post-truth", the idea that all news outlets will fail you eventually and it's impossible to know who to trust. It provides some commonsense advice on what to look for in a news outlet.
NPR: We Tracked Down a Fake-News Creator
About Jestin Coler, who began creating and distributing fake news in 2013.
Pope Francis is writing about fake news
If you ever wondered how to say “fake news” in Latin, it’s “nuntii fallaces” - and Pope Francis is writing a document on just that.
TED: How to tell fake news from real news
A brief selection of things to look for when determining the fakeness of news.
Washington Post: The information war is real, and we're losing
Discusses the findings of Dr. Kate Starbird, who traced the sources and popularity of fake news.
Washington Post: This is not an interview with Banksy
Article about practical joker James Horner, whose hoaxes have been featured on major news sites as real news